Noology is also used to describe the science of intellectual phenomena. It is the study of images of thought, their emergence, their genealogy, and their creation. Noology combines both the theory and practice of intellects, noogenesis, the ecology of intellectual systems and informational hygiene.
Noölogy derives from the Greek words νοῦς, nous or "mind" and λόγος, logos.
Immanuel Kant in his ‘Critique of Pure Reason’ uses "noology" synonymously with rationalism, distinguishing it from empiricism. Following this path, Aristotle may be considered as the head of the empiricists, Plato of the noologists. However Locke, who in modern times followed Aristotle, and Leibniz, who followed Plato (though at a sufficient distance from his mystical system), have not been able to resolve this dispute.
was a scientist and naturalist thinker, and world known public figure who is considered one of the founders of geochemistry, biogeochemistry, and radiogeology. He was the founder of several scientific schools. His ideas about the noosphere were an important contribution to cosmism. He also created the concept of the noosphere that finally evolved into noology.
was a French philosopher and Jesuit priest who trained as a paleontologist and geologist and took part in the discovery of Peking Man. He conceived the idea of the Omega Point (a maximum level of complexity and consciousness towards which he believed the universe was evolving) and developed Vladimir Vernadsky's concept of the noosphere.
was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist as well as a Holocaust survivor. Frankl was the founder of logotherapy, which is a form of existential analysis, and the "Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy". Frankl became one of the key resources in existential therapy and a prominent source of inspiration for humanistic psychologists. According to Frankl, there are three dimensions to human existence: somatic, psychic, and noological. Overarching and encompassing all three dimensions was theology. Thus biology is overarched by psychology, pshychology by noology, and noology by theology.
was a Spanish liberal philosopher, and essayist. His philosophy has been characterized as a "philosophy of life" that comprised a long-hidden beginning in a pragmatist metaphysics inspired by William James, and with a general method from a realist phenomenology imitating Edmund Husserl, which served both his proto-existentialism (prior to Martin Heidegger's) and his realist historicism, which has been compared to both Wilhelm Dilthey and Benedetto Croce. According to Ortega, noology is the foundation of all the rest, prior to logic and to psychology and mathematics and methaphysics.
was a Spanish philosopher. Zubiri's philosophy has been categorized as a "materialist open realism", which attempted to reformulate classical metaphysics, in a language that was entirely compatible with modern science. Zubiri synthesized the three major traditions – Metaphysics of intelligence, Theory of Knowledge and Phenomenology – into a single doctrine of intellection and called it Noology.
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